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2 edition of effect of pleasantness and activation of words on verbal recall in depressed patients found in the catalog.

effect of pleasantness and activation of words on verbal recall in depressed patients

Stewart A. Madon

effect of pleasantness and activation of words on verbal recall in depressed patients

by Stewart A. Madon

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Published by Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ont .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby Stewart A. Madon.
The Physical Object
Pagination58 l.
Number of Pages58
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22179493M

  Recall was compared to recognition, and a variety of types of emotion words were studied, including taboo terms, and phrases likely to be learned in childhood (reprimands). Superior memory for emotion words was obtained in both the recall and recognition tasks, but this occurred in both the first and second language and indeed was stronger, for Cited by: The hypothesis that impairment in cognitive organization is a significant causal factor in the verbal memory impairment known to follow left anterior temporal (LT) lobectomy was tested by assessing verbal recall and recognition as a function of depth of encoding in 20 patients with LT lobectomy (19 in the recognition condition), 20 patients with right temporal lobectomy and 20 normal control Cited by: 5.

Analyses of the serial position curve in free recall have provided much of the evidence fueling the debate over two-store models of human memory. Using serial-position-based-analyses,investigators have proposed methods to iso-late the contributions of long-and short-termmemory to the serial position curve (e.g. Raymond, ; Tulving & Pat-Cited by: Cause and Effect 3. 11) I. The police department has caught a group of housebreakers. II. The police have started night vigil in the city. Statement II is the cause, and statement I is its effect; Statement I is the cause, and statement II is its effect; Both the statements are effects of independent causes; Both the statements are independent.

Identify the following clue words as cause words or effect words. Have fun. Start studying Verbal Reasoning - Common Words Set 5. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.


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Effect of pleasantness and activation of words on verbal recall in depressed patients by Stewart A. Madon Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effect of Levels of Pleasantness and Vividness on Mood and Recall. Ibolya Yolas, Melissa Pelkey, and Tiffany Porter. Pace University Undergraduate university students (N=) participated in the experiment examining the effects of pleasantness level and vividness level on mood and : Ibolya Yolas, Melissa Pelkey, Tiffany Porter.

required to write 20 positive words and 20 negative words. During the second phase, 1 month later, they recalled as many of the words generated in the first phase as possible. Recall of positive words (38%) was higher than recall of negative words (24%). Of 1 In fact, the earliest study we could find on the relationship betweenCited by: Similar to the activation of associations between types of words on a list, Kolic-Vehoyec and Arar () found that when asking participants to recall a surname, those who were primed with first names had a more pronounced effect of recalling surnames than those primed with non-name words.

Effect of depression on the speed of recall of pleasant and unpleasant experiences G. LLOYD AND W. LISHMAN From the Bethlem Royal and Maudsley Hospitals and the Institute of Psychiatry, London SYNOPSIS An experiment is described in which depressed patients were asked to recall pleasant orCited by: Introduction.

Temporary retention of serial order (e.g., of actions, objects, or words) is fundamental to a wide range of cognitive tasks. The majority of studies of immediate serial-ordered recall have used verbal stimuli where the assumption is that the underlying codes for the sequences are phonological or speech-based, regardless of whether presentation is visual or by: The influence of objects in the environment becomes more apparent when the words produced by different Ss are compared.

EFFECT OF CONTEXT ON VERBAL RECALL Certain words were listed by a majority of the Ss, e.g., the words boy, girl, hair, head, foot, hand, arm, watch, paper, read, and write were given by 7 or more of the 11 Ss in this Cited by: The effect of semantic and emotional context on written recall for verbal language in high functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder order and were asked to recall the words.

In the second coherence memory test, subjects listened to stories consisting of sentences that were, or were not, in logical (coherent) order. The effect of Cited by: The effect of background noise upon free recall of visually presented words was investigated.

A total of 60 participants were recruited for this psychological study. The experimental groups were the speech condition (N=20) and the whale sound condition (N=20) whereas the silent condition (N=20) accounted for the control condition. In one study designed to look at ways to circumvent the verbal barriers to expressing emotion that many patients with Major Depressive Disorder have, it was found that depressed subjects chose.

Verbal learning assessment. The Rey auditory-verbal learning test (RAVLT) 9 was used for the memory assessment, adapted and validated version and with appropriated normative data for Brazilian elders. The test has five learning trials of a word list (A1–A5), followed by a distractor list (B1), an immediate recall (IR), a delayed recall (DR), and a recognition trial (Rec), representing.

Good quality retrieval cues often have: (1) constructability (cues generated at encoding can be reliably reproduced at recall); (2) consistency between encoding and retrieval within a given context (i.e. an effective retrieval cue should be compatible with the memory trace created during encoding and show high cue-target match); (3) strong associations with the target and the ability to be.

depressed people and people tending toward depression. In these studies where a participant rates whether character trait words apply to themselves and are later asked to recall all the words from the list, non-depressed people tend to recall a greater percentage of positive trait words (Ellis & Moore, ).

Similarly, the standard recall benefit for words over non-words, known as the lexicality effect, has been consistently replicated in serial recall but both observed (Macken, Tayler, & Jones,   The Effect of Semantic Familiarity on Immediate Free Recall Of Semantically Related or Unrelated Words Abstract Past research has shown that words that are used at a higher frequency, or those that are more familiar, and used in day-to-day life corresponds to higher immediate free has also been found that semantically related words appear to be recalled at a higher frequency as.

In this controlled experiment we examined whether there are content effects in verbal short-term memory and working memory for verbal stimuli. Thirty-seven participants completed forward and backward digit and letter recall tasks, which were constructed to control for distance effects between stimuli.

A maximum-likelihood mixed-effects logistic regression revealed main effects of direction of Cited by: 2. The Efect of Language on Verbal Expession and Recall LEONARD W. DOOB Yale University M ANY nonliterate people in contact with western society learn a Euro- pean language or a lingua franca.

They may use this foreign language in front of strangers, and their native language among their own by: 5. Previous research has demonstrated that definable qualities of verbal stimuli have implications for memory.

For example, the distinction between concrete and abstract words has led to the finding that concrete words have an advantage in memory tasks (i.e., the concreteness effect).File Size: 1MB. To investigate the properties that make a word easy to recall, we added to existing norms for nouns measures of availability, goodness, emotionality, pronunciability, and probability of recall in multiple-trial free recall.

Availability, imagery, and emotionality were found to be the best predictors of which words were recalled. This result, which is stable across recall data collected in Cited by: You need to have an excellent command of English to do well on CAT Verbal.

One tricky aspect of CAT Verbal vocabulary is the difference between the words “affect” and “effect.” “Affect” and “effect,” in common English usage, have the exact same pronunciation. But sound isn’t the only thing these words have in common.

The performance of AD patients in verbal free recall is impaired (e.g. ), with a decrease in the total number of remembered words and alterations in the serial position curve due to the absence or considerable deficit of the primacy effect and a decrease (usually modest and sometimes none at all) of the recency effect.

used, the word frequency effect in recall generally disappears, and low-frequency words are recalled as well as, or sometimes even a little better than, high-frequency words (e.g., Duncan, ; Gregg, ). In two studies, this impact of design on the frequency effect in recall has been examined Size: 1MB.Bilinguals’ Recall and Recognition of Emotion Words Ay e Ayçiçe i, Istanbul University Catherine L.

Harris, Boston University Abstract Recall of emotion words is superior to neutral words. Prior work reported in this journal (Anooshian & Hertel, ) found that this ef fect File Size: 84KB.Thus, in comparison with neutral words, females showed poorer recall for unpleasant words, while males had better recall for pleasant words (Experiment 1).

Moreover, both sexes showed better recall for high arousal words (Experiment 2) and sexual words and lower recall for threatening ones (Experiment 3).