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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia found in the catalog.

Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia

Wishwa N. Kapoor

Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia

Pneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) : final report

by Wishwa N. Kapoor

  • 16 Want to read
  • 2 Currently reading

Published by The Agency in Pittsburgh, PA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Pneumonia -- Treatment -- Cost effectiveness.,
  • Outcome assessment (Medical care)

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAgency for Health Care Policy and Research ; Wishwa N. Kapoor, principal investigator.
    ContributionsPneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC771 .K36 1996
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL756159M
    LC Control Number97151849

    Respiratory physiotherapy is part of the routine management of patients with cystic fibrosis. It normally consists of airway clearance techniques and exercise training. The evidence of such interventions has been questioned. Nevertheless, the lack of evidence should not be interpreted as lack of benefit. Instead, attention to methodological issues, such as the selection of the outcome measures Author: Alda Marques, Joana Cruz, Cristina Jácome, Ana Oliveira. Pneumonia is one of the largest killers of children under five years of age around the world. The present study was done to study the clinical features, outcome, bacteriological profile and radiological features of pneumonia in children. This was a descriptive study of pneumonia conducted on children in the ageAuthor: Prabakar S, Ramanathan R, Lakshmi Sarayu, Rajah Muthiah.

      Abstract. The impact of penicillin susceptibility on medical outcomes for adult patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia was evaluated in a retrospective cohort study conducted during population-based surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease in Cited by: They are implemented to minimize unnecessary variation, improve patient outcomes, and decrease costs. In conjunction with the Evidence-Based Outcomes Center staff, our clinical experts have developed over 90 clinical standards for various conditions.

    A nurse is caring for a client who has pneumonia. Assessment findings include temp F, RR 30, BP /76, HR bpm, SaO2 91% on room air. Prioritize the following interventions. (DO NOT PUT COMMAS BETWEEN ANSWERS) A. Administer antibiotics B. Administer O2 Therapy.   Flowcharts help medical center boost pneumonia outcomes. Guidelines reduced variation. Last year, Advocate Christ Medical Center at Hope Children’s Hospital in Chicago decided to take a snapshot of how it was treating pneumonia patients.


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Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia by Wishwa N. Kapoor Download PDF EPUB FB2

Pneumonia and aspiration pneumonia. To assess variation in the proportion of pneumonia cases not due to differences in patient case mix, we used a hierarchical generalized linear model to calculate a risk-standardized aspiration pneumonia rate, adjusted for age, race, and patient comorbidities.

The risk-standardized aspiration pneumonia rate is calculated as. Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia: Pneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) final report: J Author: Wishwa N Kapoor ; United States.

Rationale: National efforts to compare hospital outcomes for patients with pneumonia may be biased by hospital differences in diagnosis and coding of aspiration pneumonia, a condition that has traditionally been excluded from pneumonia outcome measures.

Objectives: To evaluate the Assessment of the variation and outcomes of pneumonia book and impact of including patients with aspiration pneumonia in hospital mortality and Cited by: 4. Assessment of the Variation and Outcomes of Pneumonia: Pneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) Final Report: Agency for Health Policy and Research (AHCPR); Google Scholar {7} Fine MJ, Auble TE, Yealy DM, Hanusa BH, Weissfeld LA, Singer DE, et al.

A prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired : F CooperGregory, AbrahamVijoy, F AliferisConstantin, M AronisJohn, G BuchananBruce, CaruanaRichard.

Pneumonia is the most common serious infection in children, accounting for 1% to 4% of all pediatric emergency department (ED) visits in the United States. 1 Although most children are treated as outpatients, 20% to 25% of pneumonia ED visits result in hospitalization.

1, 2 Consequently, pneumonia ranks among the top 3 reasons for pediatric hospitalization. 3, 4 However, the proportion of Cited by: Pneumonia 2: Effective nursing assessment and management.

Nursing Times; 5, 30– As discussed in part 1 of this unit, patients suffering from pneumonia may present in a variety of ways, ranging from the asymptomatic to the seriously symptomatic. It is important that practitioners are able to assess the severity of the pneumonia and its.

In this guide are pneumonia nursing care plans and nursing diagnosis, nursing interventions and nursing assessment for g interventions for pneumonia and care plan goals for patients with pneumonia include measures to assist in effective coughing, maintain a patent airway, decreasing viscosity and tenaciousness of secretions, and assist in suctioning.

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the major contemporary acute life-threatening conditions. Short-term mortality reaches 14% (7% if nursing-home residents and bedridden patients are excluded) and long-term mortality reaches 50% within 5 yrs.

CAP and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a lot in common with regard to acuity, prognosis, need for risk stratification and Cited by: Pneumonia Cont.

•In the U.S., pneumonia is the most common cause of hospital admissions other than women giving birth. •About 1 million adults in the U.S. are hospitalized with pneumonia every year, and ab die from this disease. •Older people have a higher risk of getting pneumonia, and are most likely to die from it if they do.

Quality assessment (QA) activities founded on health care structure, process, and outcome inspection have occupied medical professionals involved in the delivery of hospital-based care for many years.1 Although great variations in medical necessity and appropriateness have been documented at the national, regional, and local levels for medical Cited by: Pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics.

These are usually prescribed at a health centre or hospital, but the vast majority of cases of childhood pneumonia can be administered managed effectively within the home. Hospitalization is recommended in infants aged two months and younger, and also in very severe cases.

Nursing Plan for Pneumonia. Medicare Hospital Quality Chartbook Performance Report on Outcomes Measures for. Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, and Pneumonia.

Septem Prepared by Yale New Haven Health System Corporation. Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. INTRODUCTION. The national emphasis on value-driven healthcare (i.e., how can we achieve better quality outcomes per dollar spent) 1 has important implications for the care of hospitalized children.

Studies have documented substantial care variation among children hospitalized with a number of acute illnesses. 2–7 Although patient- and disease-level characteristics influence management and Cited by: What are Risk-Standardized Outcome Rates.

QUALITY Condition-Speciic Measures Trends Distributions Geographic Variation 81 83 91 97 99 29 30 34 38 Procedure-Speciic Measures Trends Distributions Geographic Variation 39 40 42 43 Hospital-Wide Readmission Measure Trends Distributions Geographic Variation 45 47 48 58 SURVEILLANCEFile Size: 2MB.

This books discussed the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, and hospital-acquired pneumonia, when to hospitalize a patient, methods for identifying low-risk CAP patients, switch and step-down therapy, approach to nonresolving pneumonia, management of parapneumonic effusions, empyema, and chronic brochitis are discussed.

The various antimicrobial agents are reviewed in. Study objectives. To describe the variation in clinical practice strategies for the treatment of suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a population of critically ill patients, and to determine whether initial empiric treatment with certain antibiotics, monotherapy vs combination antibiotic therapy, or appropriate vs inappropriate antibiotic therapy is associated with survival Cited by: Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books.

My library. This lesson is part of the Nursing Student Academy. Start a trial to view the entire video. Pneumonia is essentially when fluid or pus gets trapped in the alveoli of the lungs (pictured below) and impaired gas exchange results. This can impact one or both lungs. Below are the important differentiations of pneumonia.

People with pneumonia can show a variety of symptoms and often individuals will present in different ways, therefore it is important for nurses to understand these symptoms to ensure prompt identification and treatment of pneumonia.

Assessment of the patient and gaining a comprehensive patient history is vital in this diagnosis. Unfortunately, children with pneumonia (viral or bacterial) may have a varied presentation.

31,32 Therefore, one cannot always predict whether the pneumonia is bacterial or viral. 33 However, given the clinical signs and symptoms, laboratory findings, the chest radiograph, epidemiologic factors (the time of year or seasonal variation and an.

Clinical epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill adult patients: protocol for a large-scale systematic review and planned meta-analysis July Systematic.Request PDF | Predicting Severe Pneumonia Outcomes in Children | Background: Substantial morbidity and excessive care variation are seen with pediatric pneumonia.

Accurate risk-stratification.Workbook 7 • Outcome Evaluations 7 WHO/MSD/MSB h What is an outcome evaluation? Outcome evaluations measure how clients and their circumstances change, and whether the treatment experience has been a factor in causing this change.

In other words, outcome evaluations aim to assess treatment effectiveness. Some questions that might be.